purpose of the document is to teach users how to write HTML
code. The first chapter is intended to be read from start to
finish giving the user the building blocks necessary to write
HTML code. The subsequent chapters can also be read from start
to finish but are more likely to be scanned and referenced for
particular bits of information such as creating an e-mail link
in a Web page.
document teaches people how to create their own Web page
whether as a hobby or for a small/personal business.
document is designed for novice HTML writers or those who have
the bare bones of HTML programming skills and are seeking
information on how to perform (write) specific HTML commands.
The document is not designed for advanced HTML programmers as
they will find most of the material remedial – however, they
may wish to have a copy on hand in case they need a refresher.
document assumes that the user has access to an HTML writing
program and has a least a basic to intermediate level of
document is intended to be used at the computer workstation.
This way the user can “follow along” with the instructions
given. The document will most often be used as a reference
guide – when a programmer is stuck on a particular piece of
code and needs to find a solution.
body text of the document is in a Serif face allowing for easy
processing of the linear instructions. The headings and
subheadings are in a Sans-Serif face to signify the authority
of the document. The text tells the user, "If you want to know how to add an e-mail link
to your Web page, this is how you do it.".
document makes excellent use of screen
captures to display the
end result of the task being explained, as well as, a visual
comparison between the user’s computer screen and how it
should look according to the author’s screen.
graphics are in black and white for the most part which
creates little extra noise to distract the user from the
information they are seeking – they are not distracted by
fancy artwork while they glance back and forth between their
computer screen and the document.
white ground and black figure create a mechanical and
authoritative tone. This designates the author of the document
as the authority by appealing to the user’s expectations of
what a computer programming book should be – this document
is similar to the instructional documents (manuals) that came
with the user's computer and the HTML software package – cold and
informative – very serious business. This also assures the
user they are not wasting their time by using a document that
is beneath them – for example an elementary school book with
lots of colourful examples.
well, the high contrast of the figure and ground aid the user
in locating information. When the user looks up an item in the
index and receives the corresponding page number it is easy to
scan the page and locate the required information.
only colour to be used outside of the black, white and grey
scale is red. However, the colour is used sparingly, only
illustrating particularly tricky or new portions of code, as
well as, visual examples of before and after shots when making
Web page enhancements. Thus the colour does not become a noisy
distraction to the user.
document has an excellent rear index that provides clearly
marked sections and easy to follow outdenting. As
well, the index also has a number of different keywords that
can be used to locate the same information. For example if you
wanted to know how to add an e-mail link to your Web page you
could look under Links or under
E-mail – instead of having
one index entry refer to the other.
the Serif font that is used in this index makes the user
struggle to differentiate between the different bits of
information – one word to the next. A Sans-serif font would
have been a better choice to allow the user to scan the index
more rapidly and with less strain on the eyes.