Baugh, Albert C., ed. Chaucer's Major Poetry. New York, 1963. An excellent edition, it does not supersede Robinson, but is much less cumbersome and only slightly less thorough; excellent glossary; notes on the bottom of the page.
Benson, Larry D., ed. The Riverside Chaucer. 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton Muffin, 1987. The newest and best complete edition. The standard edition, superseding Robinson.
Blake, N.F., ed. The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer Edited from the Hengwrt Manuscript. London: Arnold, 1980.
Brewer, Derek S., ed. The Parlement of Foulys. London, 1960. Excellent edition, introduction and notes.
Donaldson, E. Talbot, ed. Chaucer's Poetry: An Anthology for the Modern Reader. New York, 1958. Selected edition with definitions at the bottom of the pages, excellent critical notes.
Fisher, John H.. ed. The Complete Poetry and Prose of Geoffrey Chaucer. New York: Holt Rinehart Winston, 1977; 2nd ed., 1989. Good edition of the works including the Eguatorie of the Planets, with full bibliography, convenient notes on the bottom of the page; 1989 edition with glossary.
Manly, J.M., ed. The Canterbury Tales. New York: Holt, 1928. Excellent introduction and notes. Some parts omitted.
Manly, John M., and Edith Rickert, eds. The Text of the Canterbury Tales, Studied on the Basis of all Known Manuscripts. 8 vols. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1940. Description of the manuscripts, critical text, full list of variant readings; no explanatory notes or glossary. A scholar's edition and a monument of scholarship. Not intended for the general reader.
Phillips, Helen, ed. The Book of the Duchess. Durham and St. Andrews Medieval Texts, 3. 1982, rev. 1984.
Pratt, Robert A., ed. The Tales of Canterbury. 1974. Excellent edition.
Robinson, F.N,, ed. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Boston: Houghton Muffin, 1st ed. 1933, 2nd ed. 1957. Now superseded by Benson's edition.
Root, Robert K., ed. The Book of Troilus and Criseyde by Geoffrey Chaucer. Princeton:
Princeton UP, 1926. Fullest collection of textual variants.
Ruggiers, Paul G., ed. The
Valiorum Edition of the Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Norman,
U of Oklahoma P, 1982.
Skeat, W.W., ed. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. 7 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1894-97. The "Oxford Chaucer." Vol. 6 contains a full glossary; vol. 7 contains the most complete collection of Chaucer apocrypha. Skeat's explanatory notes are still of great value.
Windeatt, BA,, ed. Geoffrey Chaucer, Troilus & Criseyde. London: Longman, 1984. Parallel ME and Italian texts.
II. Bibliographies, Dictionaries
Allen, Mark and John H. Fisher. The Essential Chaucer: An Annotated Bibliography of Major Modern Studies. Boston: Hall, 1987. (1900-84)
Baird [Lange], Lorrayne Y. Bibliography of Chaucer 1964-73. Boston: Hall, 1977. Baugh, Albert C. Bibliography of Chaucer. New York, 1968. Useful for students.
Crawford, William R. Bibliography of Chaucer 1954-63. Seattle: U of Washington P, 1967. Supplements Hammond and Griffith taking the bibliography up to 1963. Introductory chapter interprets developments in Chaucerian criticism.
Griffith, D. D. A Bibliography of Chaucer, 1908-53. Seattle: U of Washington P, 1955. Exhaustive bibliography, supplementing Hammond. Especially valuable for its notices of reviews and its listing of theses.
Hammond, C.P. Chaucer. a Bibliographic Manual. New York: Peter Smith, 1908. Contains much biographical and other factual material, in addition to complete bibliography to its date.
Leyerle, John and Anne Quick, Chaucer: A Bibliographical Introduction. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1986. (1900-1979)
Peck, Russell A. Chaucer's Lyrics and Anelida and Arcite: An Annotated Bibliography 1900-1980. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1983.
Scott, Arthur F. Who's Who in Chaucer. London: Elm Tree, 1974.
Wells, J.E. A Manual of the Writings of Middle English, 1050-1400. With 9 supplements. New
Haven, 1916-1945. The Standard
bibliography of Middle English Literature. Chapter
XVI, "Chaucer," contains biographical material, summaries of Chaucer's works, and some
criticism. The work is being thoroughly revised and brought up to date by J. Burke
Severs and editors, and the ME Group of the MLA; six volumes have been issued.
Zesmer, David M. Guide to English Literature: from Beowulf through Chaucer. Bibliography by Stanley Greenfield. New York, 1961. Useful for students, includes a selective annotated bibliography of significant criticism, pages 353-74 on Chaucer.
MIHRA. Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature (for 1920). Cambridge, 192 1±. Excellent. War interrupted.
MLA. American Bibliography (for 1921). PMLA 37 (1922)±. Complete and efficient. Since 1955, it includes British and European as well as American scholarship.
Medieval Academy of America. Bibliography of American Periodical Literature 1934±. Published quarterly in Speculum.
Chaucer Review. 1966±, Quarterly journal includes articles on Chaucer and on annual bibliography.
Studies in the Age of Chaucer. Annual Annotated Bibliography, 1979-
IV. Reference Books
Crow, Martin M. and Claire C. Olson, eds. Chaucer Life Records. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1966. Primary Source material for Chaucer's biography.
Davis, Norman, Douglas Gray, Patricia Ingham, and Anne Wallace-Hadrill. A Chaucer Glossary. Oxford: Clarendon, 1979.
Dillon, Bert. A Chaucer Dictionary: Proper Names and Allusions. Excluding Place Names. Boston: Hall, 1974.
Magoun, F.P. A Chaucer Gazetteer. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1961. Locates and describes places mentioned in Chaucer.
Middle English Dictionary, ed. First edited by Hans Kurath, Sherman M. Kuhn, and John Reidy, and now Robert E. Lewis, (1956-)
Oxford English Dictionary. (1884-1933) Supplement, 4 vols. (1972-86) New Oxford English Dictionary. 22 vols. 1989.
Spurgeon, C.F.E. Five Hundred Years of Chaucer Criticism and Allusion, 1357-1900. 3 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1925. Lists or quotes all known references to Chaucer within his period. A valuable guide to Chaucer's influence and reputation from his age almost to ours.
Tatlock, J.S.P. and A.G. Kennedy. Concordance to the Complete Works of Chaucer and to the Romaunt of the Rose (1927). Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1963. Lists every occurrence of all but the most common words. Useful for tracing quotations, studying diction, etc.
V Language and Versiflcation
Baugh, Albert C. and Thomas Cable. History of the English Language. 3rd ed. 1978. Good discussion of the state of the English language in Chaucer's time.
Burnley, David J. A Guide to Chaucer's Language. 1983.
Clark, J.W. Early English, A Study of Old and Middle English. London, 1957. Ed. D.S. Brewer, London: Bell, 1974.
Donaldson, E.T. "Chaucer's Final -e," PMiLA 63(1948): 1101-1124.
Eliason, Norman E. The Language of Chaucer's Poetry: An Appraisal of the Verse, Style and Structure. Anglistica 17. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde, 1972.
Elliot, R. W. V. Chaucer's English. London: Deutsch, 1974.
Gaylord, Alan T. "Scanning the Prosocialists: An Essay in Metacriticism," Chaucer Review II (1976): 22-82.
Halle, Morris and Samuel J. Keyser,
"Chaucer and the Study of Prosody," ~ 28(1966):
Jones, Charles. An Introduction to Middle English. New York: Holt, 1972. English." In Geoffrey Chaucer: Writers and Their Backgrounds.
Kolve, V.A. Chaucer and the Imagery of Narrative: The First Five Canterbury Tales 1984.
Kokeritz, Helge. A Guide to Chaucer's Pronunciation. New York, 1962. An excellent brief introduction to the language.
Moore, S. Historical Outlines of English Sounds and Inflections. Revised by Albert H. Marckwardt. Ann Arbor, 1951. (reprinted. 1966)
Mosse, Ferdinand. A Handbook of Middle English. Trans. James A. Walker. Baltimore, 1952. Excellent introduction to the language.
Robinson, Ian. Chaucer's Prosody: A Study of the Middle English Verse Tradition. London:
Cambridge UP, 1971.
Southworth, J.G. "Chaucer's Final -e in Rhyme," PMLA 62 (1947): 910-935. An inconclusive controversy on the pronunciation of final -e at the end of a line of verse.
___ Verses of Cadence: An Introduction to the Prosody of Chaucer and His Followers, 1954. Southworth, J.G. and E.T. Donaldson. "Chaucer's final -e (Continued)," PMLA 64 (1949):60 1-6 10.
VI. Historical and Social Background
Ackerman, Robert W. Backgrounds
to Medieval English Literature. New York, 1966. Useful
general discussion of political, social, linguistic, intellectual, and religious background for beginners.
Aers, David. Chaucer, Langland and the Creative Imagination. London: Routledge, 1980.
Ames, Ruth M. God's Plenty: Chaucer's Christian Humanism. Chicago: Loyola UP, 1984.
Bennett, H.S. Chaucer and the Fifteenth Century. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1947. Reprinted with corrections 1948, 1954.
Bennett, J.A.W. Chaucer at Oxford and Cambridge. Oxford: Clarendon, 1974.
Bowden, Muriel. A Reader's Guide to Geoffrey Chaucer. New York: Ferrar, 1964.
Brewer, Derek. Chaucer in his Time. London: Nelson, 1963.
___ Towards a Chaucerian Poetic. London: Oxford UP, 1974.
___ English Gothic Literature. New York: Schocken Books, 1983.
___ An Introduction to Chaucer. London: Longman, 1984.
___ Chaucer the Poet as Storyteller. London: Macmillan, 1984.
Bronson, Bertrand H. In Search of Chaucer. Toronto, u of Toronto P, 1960. A pleasantly written study of the early poems, focusing on the artistry of Chaucer's dream visions.
Burchfield, Robert. "Realms and Approximations: Sources of Chaucer's Power" E&S 35(1982):1-13.
Chute, Marchette. Geoffrey Chaucer of England. New York: Dutton, 1946.
Coghill, Neville. The Poet Chaucer. 2nd ed. London: Oxford UP, 1967.
Corsa, Helen S. Chaucer, Poet of Mirth and Morality. Notre Dame: U of Notre Dame P, 1964.
Coulton, G. G. Chaucer and His England. 3rd ed. London, 1921; reprinted 1963. Excellent for background.
Donaldson, E. Talbot. Speaking of Chaucer. 1970. A collection of essays.
French, RD. A Chaucer Handbook. 2nd ed. New York, 1947. A useful and reliable compendium of the facts.
Gardner, John Champlin. The Poetry of Chaucer. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 1977. Gibaldi, Joseph, ed. Approaches to Teaching Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. New York: MLA,1980. Essays by Gibaldi, Florence Ridley, John Fisher, Thomas Garb~ty, Donald Howard, Emerson Brown, Mary Carruthers, Robert Jordan, William Provost, Terrie Curran,
Thomas Ross, Michael West, Stephen Portch, Susan Schibanoff, D.W. Robertson, Ernest Kaulbach, Julia Holloway.
Hussey M., A.C. Spearing and J. Winny. An Introduction to Chaucer. Cambridge, 1965. Chapters on Chaucer's life, society, church, language, writing and science.
Hussey, S.S. Chaucer: An Introduction. 2nd ed. London: Methuen, 1981.
Kane, George. Chaucer. New York: Oxford UP, 1984.
Kean, P[atricia] M. Chaucer and the Making of English Poetry. 2 Vols. London: Routledge, 1972.
Kelly, Henry Ansgar. "Chaucer's Arts and our Arts." In New Perspectives in Chaucer Criticism. Ed. Donald M. Rose. Norman, OK: Pilgrim Books, 1981.
Kittredge, G.L. Chaucer and his Poetry. (1915). Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1970. Biography, criticism, and appreciation by a great American scholar and Chaucerian.
Lawrence, W.W. Chaucer and the Canterbury Tales. New York, 1950. A critical study of CT Lewis, CS. The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature.Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1964. Eminently readable and valuable account of the intellectual background, especially good for its discussion of medieval cosmology.
Loomis, Rober Sherman. A Mirror of Chaucer's World. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1965. Pictorial background of Chaucer's Writings.
Lowes, J.L. Geoffrey Chaucer and the Development of His Genius. Boston and New York, 1934. Stimulating study. Emphasises combined influences of books and life on poetry.
Malone, Kemp. Chapters on Chaucer. Baltimore and London, 1951. A thorough-going work by an eminent medievalist.
McKisack, May. The Fourteenth Century, 1307-1399. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1959. Part of the Oxford History of England. A pleasantly written and sound study by an eminent student of the 14th century.
Norton-Smith, John. Geoffre Chaucer. London: Routledge, 1974.
Olson, Glending. Literature as Recreation in the Later Middle Ages. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1982.
Patch, H.R. On Rereading Chaucer. Cambridge, MA, 1937. An interesting and provocative collection of essays, emphasising Chaucer's irony and humour.
Preston, Raymond. Chaucer. London and New York, 1952. A rather mannered and allusive study; not for beginners.
Rickert, Edith. Chaucer's World. Eds. C.C. Olson and MM. Crow. New York: Columbia UP, 1948.
Robertson, D.W. Jr. A Preface to Chaucer: Studies in Medieval Perspectives. Princeton:Princeton UP, 1962. Exegetical principles, richly illustrated with plates of pictures, must be used with caution.
"Simple Signs from Everyday Life in Chaucer." In Signs and Symbols in Chaucer's Poetry. Eds. John P. Hermann and John J. Burke Jr. University: U of Alabama P, 1981.
Root, R.K. The Poetry of Chaucer. A Guide to its Study and Appreciation. Rev. ed. Boston, 1922. A good thoroughgoing general treatment, covering the important facts in a readable reliable manner.
Rowland, Beryl. ed. Companion to Chaucer Studies. 2nd ed. Toronto: Oxford UP, 1979. Invaluable collection of articles by various authorities on their specialities, summarising critical views, with full bibliographies.
Ruggiers, Paul G. The Art of the Canterbury Tales. Madison, WI. and London, 1965. Examination of the Canterbury Tales as a unified whole.
Schoeck, Richard and Jerome Taylor, eds. Chaucer Criticism. 2 vols. Notre Dame: U of Notre DameP, 1960.
Tatlock, J.S.P. The Mind and Art of Chaucer. Syracuse, 1950. An excellent, though brief, study, embodying the final views of a lifelong student of Chaucer. Unfinished, so incomplete in CT, but covers earlier poems
Traverski, Derek. The Literary Imagination: Studies in Dante, Chaucer, and Shakespeare. Newark: U of Delaware P, 1982.
Wagenknecht, Edward, ed. Chaucer: Modern Essays in Criticism. New York: Oxford UP, 1959. Witmore, Sister Mary E. Medieval English Domestic Life and Amusements in the Works of
Chaucer. New York: Cooper Square, 1972.
VIL Some Special Studies
a. Classical and Continental Associations
Cummings, Hubertis M. The Indebtedness of Chaucer's Works to the Italian Works of Boccaccio (1916). New York: Haskell House, 1965.
Fansler, D.S. Chaucer and
the Roman de la Rose. New York, 1914.
Hoffman, Richard L. Ovid and the Canterbury Tales. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1966. "The Influence of the Classics on Chaucer." In Companion to Chaucer Studies. Ed. Beryl Rowland. rev. ed. New York: Oxford P, 1979.
Miller, Robert P., ed. Chaucer: Sources and Backgrounds. New York: Oxford UP, 1977.
Minnis, A.J. Chaucer and Pagan
Antiquity. Cambridge: Brewer, 1982.
Muscatine, Charles. Chaucer and the French Tradition: A Study in Style and Meaning. Berkeley: U of California P, 1957.
Ruggiers, Paul G. "The Italian Influence on Chaucer." In Companion to Chaucer Studies. Ed. Beryl Rowland. rev. ed. New York: Oxford P, 1979.
Shannon, EF. Chaucer and the Roman Poets. Cambridge; Cambridge UP, 1929.
Wimsatt, James. Chaucer and the French Love Poets: The Literary Background of the "Book of the Duchess." Chapel Hill, NC, 1968.
b. Canterbury Tales
Allen, Judson Boyce, and Theresa
Anne Moritz. A Distinction of Stories: The Medieval Unity of
Chaucer's Fair Chain of Narratives for Canterbury. Columbus:
Ohio State UP, 1981.
Baldwin, Ralph. The Unity of the Canterbury Tales. Anglistica 5. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger, 1955.
Bowden, M. A Commentary on the General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales. New York: 1948. A detailed commentary on the class, social status, and occupation of each of the Canterbury pilgrims.
Howard, Donald R. The Idea of the Canterbury Tales. Berkeley: U of California P, 1976.
Cooper, Helen. The Structure
of the Canterbury Tales. London: Duckworth, 1983.
Pearsall, Derek. The Canterbury Tales. London: Allen, 1985.
c. Contemporary English Associations
Muscatine, Charles. Poetry and Crisis in the Age of Chaucer. Notre Dame: Notre Dame UP, 1972.
Robinson, Ian. Chaucer and the English Tradition. London: Cambridge UP, 1972.
d. Courtly Love
Kirby, T.A. Chaucer's Troilus, A Study in Courtly Love. Baton Rouge, Los Angeles, 1940. Re-issued 1958.
Lewis, CS. The Allegory of Love, A Study in Medieval Tradition. London, 1936. New York, 1958 (a paperback re-print). An important study of the development of allegory and the love-vision, from the Roman de la Rose to Spenser.
Newman, F.X. ed. The Meaning of Courtly Love. Albany, NY, 1968. Collection of papers read at a conference re-examining the concept of courtly love.
e. Dream Poetry
Spearing, A.C. Medieval Dream-Poetry. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1976. Winny, James. Chaucer's Dream Poems. London, 1973.
Benson and Anderson. The Literary Context of Chaucer's Fabliaux. New York: Bobbs-Merril, 1976.
Brewer, Derek. "The Fabliaux." In Companion to Chaucer Studies. Ed. Beryl Rowland. rev. ed. New York: Oxford P, 1979.
g. Medieval World: Geography, Science, and Astrology
Curry, W.C. Chaucer and the
Medieval Sciences. rev. ed. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1960. A study
of the reflections in Chaucer of the contemporary popular sciences, notably
astrology, alchemy, medicine, and
Jordan, Robert M. Chaucer and the Shape of Creation. 1967.
Pearsall, Derek and Elizabeth Salter. Landscapes and Seasons of the Medieval World. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1973.
Wood, Chauncy. Chaucer and the Country of the Stars: Poetic Uses of Astrological Imagery. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1970.
Bishop, Ian. "Chaucer and the Rhetoric of Consolation." MAE 52(1983), 38-50.
Jordan, Robert M. "Vision, Pilgrimage,
and Rhetorical Composition." SAC, Proceedings 1 (1984), 195-200.
Manly, J.M. Chaucer and the Rhetoricians. London, 1926. A Collection of special studies on controversial points, including attempts to identify original models for some of the Canterbury pilgrims.
Payne, Robert 0. "Chaucer's Realization of Himself as Rhetor." In Medieval Eloquence. Ed. James J. Murphy. Berkeley: U of California P, 1978.
--. The Key of Remembrance: A Study of Chaucer's Poetics. New Haven and London, 1963.
___ "Chaucer and the Art of Rhetoric." In Companion to Chaucer Studies. Ed. Beryl Rowland. rev. ed. New York: Oxford P, 1979.
VIII. Some Important Sources
Andreas Capellanus. De amore libri tres. Ed. E. Trojel. 2nd ed. 1964. Trans. (abbreviated) Th~ Art of Courtly Love. J.J. Parry. New York, 1941; P.G. Walsh 1982. Standard medieval source-book for "courtly love." Useful introduction.
Boccaccio, Giovanni. The Filostrato. ed. and trans. by N.E. Griffin and A.B. Myrick. Philadelphia, 1929.
Boethius. De Consolatione
Philosophiae. Ed. and trans. H.F. Stewart and E.K. Rand. London: Loeb
Library, rev. ed. 1968.
___ The Consolation of Philosophy. trans. Richard H. Green. New York: Library of Liberal Arts, 1962.
Bryan, W.F. and G. Dempster,
eds. "Sources and Analogues of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales".
Chicago, 1941. An invaluable compendium of material on individual tales
Gordon, R.K. ed. and trans. The Story of Troilus. New York: Dutton, 1964. Contains translations of Benoit de Ste Maure, Boccaccio, and editions of Chaucer, and Henryson.
Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun. Le Roman de la Rose. Ed. Ernest Langlois. 5 vols. Paris:
SATF, 19 14-24; Felix Lecoy. 3 Vols. Paris: Champion, 1965-70. Trans. H. W. Robbins and C. W. Dunn, 1962 (verse), Charles Dahlberg, 1971 (prose).
___ Romance of the Rose. English by F.S. Ellis. 3 vols. London, 1900. Not too good but the only complete translation.
Miller, Robert P., ed. Chaucer: Sources and Backgrounds. New York: Oxford UP, 1977.
Sutherland, Ronald, ed. "The Romaunt of the Rose" and "Le Roman de la Rose": Parallel-Text Edition. Berkeley: U of California P, 1968.
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